As the homeowner, you are responsible for maintaining your electronics and other home appliances. Out of all the electronics, an air conditioner is the high maintenance one. To keep it running efficiently, you need to get it serviced regularly.
Speaking of air conditioners, have you ever noticed black dust coming out from your unit’s air ducts or vents? If your answer is yes, you have got a problem with your hand.
The black dust you see around your air conditioner could be soot from the air, dirt, or mold spores. In case it is black mold, it can cause health issues in your house.
If you are worried about the black dust coming from your air vents, we can help you deal with it. In this post, we have covered everything you need to know.
What causes Black Dust?
Before you start cleaning the black dust, you need to find out the reason that’s causing it. Once you know the cause, you can fix the issue and prevent it from happening again.
Black dust in air vents can result from various things. To give you an idea, we have explained the main causes below:
- Fireplace soot
The black dust around your AC could be soot from your fireplace or the by-product of a candle. Your AC is constantly sucking the air in the room to keep it cool. In the process, it is also sucking in all the dirt and soot in the air.
You should check the air filter to know whether the problem is caused because of soot or not. If the air filter appears black, then it is soot. In this case, you not only have to clean the air vents, but also replace your air filter before it gets fully clogged.
- Leaky ducts
Black dust can also result from leaky ductwork. Since your ducts are located in places like ceiling or attic, it gets affected by all the dirt and debris present in these unconditioned places.
If the ducts are disconnected or leaky, they can get clogged with dirt and dust. Your ducts can get disconnected from other ducts or air handlers if you don’t install them properly. Leaky ducts are a widespread problem and should not be ignored.
- Mold growth
The black dust could also be mold spores. If it turns out to be mold, you must get rid of it immediately as it is not good for your health. Mold growth is very common in AC, especially in the indoor unit. The damp and moist indoor unit serves as the perfect breeding ground for mold.
If your unit has mold, the air passing through the indoor unit can carry the spores to ducts to grow and spread in the vents. This can be a risky situation, especially if you have an allergic person in your home. Mold spores also cause a musty odor in your room.
How to fix the Problem?
If you notice black dust around your air vents, you should take steps to remove it. The good news is that you can do it yourself without any professional help. You can try different methods based on the cause to get rid of the black dust. To help you out, we have explained some of the solutions below:
- Keep your candles away from the air vents
If the black dust in your air vent is caused because of soot, you should keep your candles away from the unit. This will help reduce the amount of soot entering the air vents. Also, you should not use scented candles that are made of vegetable oils or petroleum jelly. These types of candles produce more soot.
If you have a fireplace in your home, make sure that you install the AC away from it. This may help reduce the amount of soot that is picked by your HVAC system.
- Get an air filter with a higher MERV rating
MERV is short for minimum efficiency reporting value. It is used to measure the effectiveness of an air filter. Having a higher MERV rating means the filter will be more effective in catching dust, dirt, and other tiny particles.
To catch soot, mold spores, and dust particles, you should get a MERV rating of 8 or higher. If needed, you should also consult your HVAC provider.
- Call a professional technician
If the black dust problem is caused due to leaky or disconnected ductwork, you should call a technician to fix it. Ask the professional to check the duct for cracks and leaks. They will likely recommend you seal your ducts.
Duct sealing is done using a type of sealant. It covers any holes or leaks in the ductwork. However, if your duct is beyond repair, you should get it replaced.
- Clean the mold yourself
Black spots in the air vents could also be caused due to mold growth. To get rid of it, you need to clean the spores. This can be done by scrubbing the black spots with a bleach solution. If you are not confident doing it yourself, you can call a professional to get it done.
- Hire a mold remediation specialist
Cleaning the mold cannot prevent it from coming back. For this, you need the help of a mold specialist. They have the right tools to inspect and test the mold spores. They will remove the mold for you and give you solutions to prevent it from returning.
How to prevent the Problem?
They say prevention is better than cure. If you don’t want black spots to appear in the first place, you should do the following:
- Maintain your HVAC system regularly.
- Clean the air vents and ducts from time to time.
- Clean your air filters once in two weeks.
- Upgrade your air filters to a higher MERV rating.
- Get a mold specialist to check the insides of your unit.
Black dust around the AC is quite common, and it is caused due to various reasons. However, you can prevent it from happening if you stay a little careful. All you have to do is maintain your AC regularly, and everything should be fine.